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Let's take a closer look

By now, you have probably run into products at your local store and looked through other web sites about products containing Cannabidiol.    It’s now in just about everything from drinks, chewable gummies, lotions, and pet products. In certain states, you will find it right in the grocery store.  But still, many people don’t know what it is.  What good is it?  Is it legal?  Will I fail a drug test? Is it marijuana?  Here we hope to provide some basic information in easy to understand language.  If your question isn’t answered, send us an email and we will add it to the list.  For more in depth and detailed information, there is an abundance of information out there in magazines, web articles, and blogs.  Cannabidiol that is obtained from the Hemp plant is legal to use under the 2018 Farm Bill.  If it is sourced from any other plant, it is not.

Let's take a closer look at CBD

By now, you have probably run into products at your local store and looked through other web sites about products containing Cannabidol, also known as “CBD”.  It’s now in just about everything from drinks, chewable gummies, lotions, and pet products. In certain states, you will find it right in the grocery store.  But still, many people don’t know what it is.  What good is it?  Is it legal?  Will I fail a drug test? Is it marijuana?  Here we hope to provide some basic information in easy to understand language.  If your question isn’t answered, send us an email and we will add it to the list.  For more indepth and detailed information, there is an abundance of information out there in magazines, web articles, and blogs.

FAQs

CBD, or cannabidiol, is derived directly from the hemp plant (cannabis sativa), a cousin of marijuana (cannabis sativa L). It is one of the 113 distinctive cannabinoids (active consituents of cannabis).  

CBD is produced or extracted from the hemp plant.  Without going through the actual science behind it, simply the Hemp plant is processed to remove the biomass from all the 113 cannabinoids (of which CBD is one).  Then further processing separates the desired cannabinoids from the other ones.  Depending on the process, you can end up with 100% pure CBD, and no other cannabinoids, or mostly CBD with some of the other cannabinoids mixed in.

With having read how it’s produced, you can end up with several results based upon how it is processed.   If the hemp plant is processed to get mostly CBD and other cannabinoids, it is usually called “CBD Distillate”.  It has been distilled to get mostly CBD and a mix of other minor cannabinoids including some THC.  Then end product is called FULL SPECTRUM.  It can be further refined to remove just the THC, so you end up with a mix of the minor cannabinoids and NO THC.  This is called BROAD SPECTRUM.  It can be even further refined, to take out all the other minor cannbinoids, leaving ONLY pure CBD.  This is called an isolate.  Just think of “isolating” the CBD.

The answer here depends on the type of CBD you are using.  One of the cannabinoids of the hemp plant is Tetrahydrocannabinol or “THC”.  It is the psychoactive component found in high concentrations in cannabis sativa L and also in smaller quantities in the Hemp plant.   THC is the component that shows up in drug tests.  If you choose a Broad Spectrum product – one that has the THC removed – then there isn’t any THC than can show up in a drug test, and nothing to get you “high”.  If  you choose a Full Spectrum CBD product, then, there is a legal amount of THC in the product.  That legal amount is less than .3% of THC.   Now, if you use a Full Spectrum product regularly, there is a chance that it could show up in a drug test.  There is not enough THC to get you “high”, but taking large quantities may increase the feeling of being sleepy or tired.  If you have any concerns about the effects of THC on you or if you are subject to a drug test, we advise you to not use the Full Spectrum products sold anywhere.

All products sold with CBD are required to have an indepenant lab certificate available that contains an analysis of the CBD.  Those lab certificates are generally found using a QR code on the product, a link on a web site,  or on the label.  That is how you know you are getting a quality product without THC.  It has been through a laboratory and tested. 

This is one of the most confusing things about using and buying CBD products.  Just because the label says “Contains CBD” doesn’t mean you are getting the same thing in every package from every company.   CBD concentrations, or “strength” is measured in milligrams, simple abreviated “MG” or “mg”.  When you buy a CBD product, it is required you are informed of the concentration of CBD.  Some companies try to fool you into thinking you are getting a lot, when you are not. 

There are two pieces of information to look for: 1) How much CBD is in the ENTIRE package; and 2) How much CBD is there per serving.  Let’s use our Premium CBD Gummies for an example.  The label says 300mg CBD per jar.   That means, the entire contents of the jar (all 30 gummies) has a TOTAL of 300mg of CBD.   Now, there are 30 gummies in each jar.   The serving size says 10mg CBD per gummy.  So each gummy you eat has just 10mg of CBD in it.   

When you look to buy CBD products, it is important to look at the TOTAL amount of CBD in the container, not so much the “per serving size”.   After all, in our example, if you only wanted 5mg of CBD per serving, you would eat “one half” of a gummy.  If you wanted 20mg CBD per serving, you would eat 2 gummies (10mg each).   If you wanted 25mg CBD, you would eat 2 and one half gummies.  See how simple this is!

The same principle applies to Tinctures, but, instead of “MG”, with liquid, the measurement is milliliters or “ML”, “ml”, or “mL”.

Our Tincture bottles hold 30ml, or 30 milliliters of liquid.  There is an eye dropper in each bottle with small lines on it.  The most you can get in the dropper is 1 milliliter, or 1ml.   The smaller lines divide the dropper in half, (.5), one quarter (.25) and three quarters of a ml (.75).

CBD comes is different concentrations in the same size 30ml bottle.  Our concentrations range from 300mg CBD per bottle up to 2400mg CBD per bottle.  The serving size is always labeled 1ml.  So for our example, if you purchased the 300mg bottle, 1 serving size (1 full dropper at the 1.0ml line) will give you 10mg of CBD.  Thus, you can see there are 30 servings per bottle of 1ml each, for a total in the bottle of 30ml.   There is 10mg of CBD in each serving, so 300mg of CBD per bottle (30 servings x 10mg per serving).  Now, if you only wanted 5mg of CBD, you would use .5ml on the dropper.  If you wanted 25mg of CBD you would use two servings of 1ml each PLUS .5ml for a total of 2 and one half ml.  

CBD is offered in higher concentrations so if you wish a higher dose, you don’t have to use so many dropper fulls to get what you desire.  Or if you wish to save money on the quantity of CBD you are purchasing, a higher concentration costs less per mg of CBD.  Using our example with our highest concentration of 2400mg of CBD per bottle, the one serving size of 1mg provides 80mg of CBD per one full dropper.  But let’s say you only wanted 20mg at a time.  So, 40 is one half of 80, and 20 is one quarter of 80.  You would only fill the dropper to the .25 (one quarter mark) to get 20mg of CBD at one time.  And if you wanted 40mg of CBD at once, you would fill the dropper to the .5 (one half mark).  In this example, if you were only using 40mg of CBD a DAY, this one bottle of 30mL would last you 60 days, because the serving size on the label says 80mg per serving.  By cutting it in half, you get double the number of servings.  A little math here goes a long way !

This question does not have a “right” or “wrong” answer.  Each person is different and reacts differently to various products.  It’s like your friend who reacts to one cup of coffee or the other friend who drinks 10 cups and still falls right to sleep.  The best “gauge” is to use between 5mg to 30mg of CBD per 50 pounds of body weight.    So, if you weigh 150 pounds, that would be a range of 15mg of CBD to 90mg of CBD at a time.  The upper end would be for someone perhaps experiencing a state where a high dosage of CBD would be most beneficial.   We recommend using a lower dose for a few days (4-5 days) and gauging your body’s reaction, then increasing the dose until you find the amount right for you.  Some tolerance has been indicated over time, so adjustments may be beneficial.  Use our motto when first starting out, “Go low, go slow” until you learn what is right for you.  Some animal studies have shown that increasing the dosage may reduce its effectiveness and even more CBD would be required to achieve the desired effects.  

The Entourage Effect means the CBD works better in combination with the other cannabinoids found in the Hemp plant (including some THC) than when isolated.   Research has shown that taking a balanced formulation of cannabinoids and terpenes (compounds found in all plants) is more effective than taking even the best isolated CBD product alone.  This interaction between the various cannabinoids, the terpenes and your endocannabioid system is called “the entourage effect.”

The answer is quite complex, but we hope to break it down a bit here.  The Endocannabinoid System “ECS” is a complex cell-signaling system identified in the early 90s by researchers exploring THC, the cannabinoid found in cannabis.  Your ECS plays a role in regulating:

  • Sleep
  • appetite
  • mood
  • memory
  • reproduction and fertitlity
  • pain and anxiety
The ECS exists and is active in your body, even if you don’t use cannabis.  It has three core components: Endocannabinoids, receptors, and enzymes.  Endocannbinoids are also made by your body and similar to cannabinoids, but are produced by your body.   The receptors in your body are found throughout.  Endocannabinoids bind to them to signal that the ECS needs to do something.   They are called the CB1 receptors (found in the central nervous system) and the CB2 receptors, found in the periphery of the nervous system and immune cells.  Encocannabinoids can bind to either receptor and depends on the location of the CB receptor and the different endocannabinoid.  They could target a CB1 receptor in a nerve to relieve pain or a CB2 receptor to activate an immune signal if you are experiencing pain, inflamation, etc.
Enzymes will then kick in and break down the endocannabinoids once they have completed their function in the process.
This entire process is called “homeostasis” and its the balancing act your body does automatically to keep you in blalance.  Experts now believe that maintaining homeostatis is the primary role of the ECS.


THC,  one of the cannabinoids, is very effective at binding to both the CB1 and CB2 receptors.  Thus, it has a wide range of effects on the body’s endocannabinoid systems, some of it beneficial, and some not so beneficial.

CBD on the other hand, doesn’t quite bind to the CB1 and CB2 receptors like THC does, but many believe it works by preventing endocannabinoids from being broken down, allowing them to have more of an effect on your body.  While the details are still under debate, research suggests that CBD can help with pain, nausea, and other symptoms associated with multiple conditions.

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